30 May Designing the West: Agnes Bourne
Saying one is born to be a designer is a cliché, but in the case of Agnes Bourne, it’s very much the case. The evidence is in her history: When, at 12, she was given a camera by her father for a trip to Europe, Bourne captured frame after frame of interior details: chandeliers, curvy leg chairs and tiles, but very few faces. Those pictures are still meaningful reminders of the beauty she witnessed at a young age.
Born in Spokane to parents who traveled a great deal, Bourne was exposed to different cultures and art around the world. The family home in which she was raised belonged to her grandfather and provided Bourne with a rich environment full of antiques and books. As the world was just starting to lick its wounds from WWII, Bourne was unofficially launching her design career with a dog house for her canine companion, Casco, a mutt who lived outside. The structure had three rooms: foyer, bent hallway and a carpeted bedroom complete with window and light bulb. Casco’s abode was created to be user-friendly with a hinged roof for easy vacuuming.
Throughout her adolescence, Bourne was drawn to and deeply affected by a variety of different styles of design. At 12, she visited the White House and was awed by the draperies and chandeliers. At the National Gallery she saw Louise Nevelson’s work for the first time. Nevelson created huge sculptures from materials found in her father’s wood shop. Bourne had never seen such imaginative pieces and continues to be inspired by Nevelson’s work. The Institute of Art in Chicago was another favorite haunt and place of inspiration. There she could be found peering thoughtfully at the miniature rooms by Mrs. Thorne, taking in every detail. Her voyage to Europe and back on the Queen Elizabeth and the Queen Mary also made indelible impressions on the young designer.
Fascinated by everything to do with design, Bourne took a job with a design studio when she was in high school. One day everyone happened to be out to lunch when as Bourne recalls, “A fancy woman came in and needed a kitchen done, ‘Right Now!’ ” It was 1960. The palettes were colorful. She went right to work on her first official job, using harvest gold and turquoise, stainless countertops, a walk-in pantry and the right stoves. The highlight of the job for Bourne was the oven with French doors. The double doors opened out instead of down. Bourne reflects, “I never batted an eye over the project.” Having grown up with an active role in decorating her grandfather’s house with her mother, Bourne was accustomed to large projects.
College years were a mix of travel and study in several places. Bourne spent her sophomore year in Italy, then studied art and psychology, costume design and set design at Mills College where she earned a B.A. in Studio Art and Art History. When she married at 21, Bourne bought a house and fixed it up with a crew of artists who needed something to do to make ends meet. She was the general contractor. In 2008, she completed her fortieth house. That practical experience, along with what she calls extraordinary teachers, taught her that the interplay between color, form and arrangement are paramount. “I compose spaces the same way as I would paint a picture: dominants, subordinates, detail. The process is always the same, the details different.”
Bourne studied with Rudolph Schaeffer at The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco. His teachings on color and arrangement delved into space and how energy and bodies moved through it. In addition to being a pioneer in the field of color theory, Schaeffer was also a leader in integrating Eastern and Western aesthetic principles. “Agnes has embodied these principles in her own work and handed them down to other generations through her many years of teaching and lecturing,” says David Meckel, of California College of the Arts.
Color is paramount for Bourne. She is fascinated by how it speaks to people and how it makes one feel. “Color is something that people carry with them. It has messages; it is a passionate thing. Color is so important for communication. It shows what kind of character you are and how you surround yourself.” But color has its limitations. John Dickinson, one of her mentors, was adamant that she never put color before form.
Whatever challenge she is tackling, Bourne is always an innovator. She feels strongly about how spaces flow, what clutter means and the balance of light. “Almost everything that resonates with interior designers today — from sourcing locally to repurposing material and objects — can be traced back to Bourne’s practice 20 years ago. She is unafraid of taking risks and unbelievably generous in her trust of and faith in others when collaborating. She is one of the most optimistic designers I’ve ever met,” says Meckel.
The little girl who designed an efficient, warm dog house for Casco has become a superstar in the design world. In addition to developing her own line of furniture distributed nationally by Federated Department Stores, Bourne has taught at Stanford University, California College of Arts and Crafts and the San Francisco Art Institute. She is a passionate advocate for good design and has served on the board of trustees for the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, National Design Museum and the Jackson Hole Center for the Arts, among others. She has been recognized with medals of distinction from the Smithsonian Institution and American Society of Interior Designers, as well as earning the trust and admiration of peers the world over. Grant Marani, partner at Robert A.M. Stern Architects in New York City says of the designer, “When Agnes enters a room, she fills it with joy and surprise. Working with Agnes is a privilege and a delight.”
Five Things to be Conscious of When Planning an Environment
- Indoor and outdoor space: Is there a view? Make sure you are aware of the space around your home as well as the inside. What can you do with the interior? What can you do with the exterior and the environment around it?
- How accessible is natural light? What is the balance between natural and artificial light? Remember that if the living space has windows to the west you will have intense heat. Northern light is cold but constant, southern light is warm and changing and eastern light is intense in the morning, then gone. If possible position windows to take advantage of changing light. Judge the windows according to your life. Be sure that natural light and artificial light balance with mood, personality and psychological needs.
- Focus on using natural materials and plan to conserve energy.
- Develop a plan for managing clutter. Be sure everything is “alive” and contributing to your energy and well-being. Be confident that you don’t want something anymore and then let it go. It might be very precious to another person and it’s important for you to move on.
- Surround yourself with favorite colors and don’t be afraid to express color preferences. But don’t forget to use a balance of color in the process.
Thea Marx is fifth-generation born and ranch raised, from Kinnear, Wyoming. Much of her career, including her book, Contemporary Western Design, and Web site, ContemporaryWesternDesign.com, has been dedicated to Western style. Her work appears in Living Cowboy Ethics, Western Horseman, American Cowboy and Western Lifestyle Retailer.